Parametric Study on Unconnected Piled Raft Foundation Using Numerical Modelling

  • Athraa Mohammed Jawad Alhassani College of Engineering-Kufa University Najaf-Iraq
  • Ala Nasir Aljorany College of Engineering - University of Baghdad
Keywords: piled raft, unconnected piled raft, cushion, Finite Element method, ABAQUS


Piled raft is commonly used as foundation for high rise buildings. The design concept of piled raft foundation is to minimize the number of piles, and to utilize the entire bearing capacity. High axial stresses are therefore, concentrated at the region of connection between the piles and raft. Recently, an alternative technique is proposed to disconnect the piles from the raft in a so called unconnected piled raft (UCPR) foundation, in which a compacted soil layer (cushion) beneath the raft, is usually introduced.  The piles of the new system are considered as reinforcement members for the subsoil rather than as structural members. In the current study, the behavior of unconnected piled rafts systems has been studied numerically by means of 3D Finite Element analysis via ABAQUS software. The numerical analysis was carried out to investigate the effect of thickness and stiffness of the cushion, pile length, stiffness of foundation soil, and stiffness of bearing soil on the performance of the unconnected piled raft. The results indicate that when unconnected piles are used, the axial stress along the pile is significantly reduced e.g. the axial stress at head of unconnected pile is decreased by 37.8% compared with that related to connected pile. It is also found that the stiffness and thickness of the cushion, and stiffness of foundation soil have considerable role on reduction the settlement.


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How to Cite
Alhassani, A. and Aljorany, A. (2020) “Parametric Study on Unconnected Piled Raft Foundation Using Numerical Modelling”, Journal of Engineering, 26(5), pp. 156-171. doi: 10.31026/j.eng.2020.05.11.