Chemical-Free Greywater Treatment Using Aeration, Sedimentation, Followed by Granular Activated Carbon Filter (GAC) -A Case Study of Baghdad city household

  • Marwa M. Ali College of Engineering - University of Baghdad
  • Nawar Omran Ali College of Engineering - University of Baghdad
  • Mahdi Shanshal Jaafar Environmental, and water directorate - Ministry of Science and Technology
Keywords: Greywater, Wastewater treatment, Filtration, Granular Activated Carbon, Chemical oxygen demand

Abstract

Greywater is a possible water source that can be improved for meeting the quality required for irrigation. Treatment of greywater can range from uncomplicated coarse filtration to advanced biological treatment. This article presents a simple design of a small scale greywater treatment plant, which is a series of physical and natural processes including screening, aeration, sedimentation, and filtration using granular activated carbon filter and differentiates its performance with sand filter. The performance of these units with the dual filter media of (activated carbon with sand) in treatment of greywater from Iraqi house in Baghdad city during 2019 and that collected from several points including washbasins, kitchen sink, bathrooms, and laundry, was recorded in terms of removal efficiency of particular pollutants like Turbidity 94%, chemical oxygen demand (COD) 93%, and oil 91%. Dual filter was the most effective filter for decreasing these pollutants, while sand indicates the lowest removal efficiency. In general, granular activated carbon media seemed to be the most proper medium to improve greywater quality for reaching the quality of irrigation within the terms of organic matter decrease. Accordingly, this technology may be reliable for greywater treatment in a residential area.

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Published
2020-10-01
How to Cite
Ali, M., Ali, N. and Jaafar, M. (2020) “Chemical-Free Greywater Treatment Using Aeration, Sedimentation, Followed by Granular Activated Carbon Filter (GAC) -A Case Study of Baghdad city household”, Journal of Engineering, 26(10), pp. 66-79. doi: 10.31026/j.eng.2020.10.05.