Investigations on the Impact of Using Elliptic Groynes on the Flow in Open Channels
Keywords:groynes, CFD, SST, river-banks protection
This paper presents a numerical simulation of the flow around elliptic groynes by using CFD software. The flow was simulated in a flume with 4m long, 0.4m wide, and 0.175m high with a constant bed slope. Moreover, the first Groyne placed at 1m from the flow inlet with a constant the Groyne height of 10cm and a 1cm thickness, and the width of Groynes equals 7cm. A submergence ratio of the elliptic Groynes of 75% was assumed, corresponding to a discharge of 0.0057m3/sec. The CFD model showed a good ability to simulate the flow around Groynes with good accuracy. The results of CFD software showed that when using double elliptic Groynes, the bed shear stress is decreased with the increase in the spacing between Groynes, as well as and the best spacing between the double elliptic Groynes is twice of the Groyne width. Moreover, the used number of Groynes has no much impact on velocity and shear stress values.
Article received: 16/8/2020
Article accepted: 16/9/2020