Stabilization of Clay Soil Using Tyre Ash
The planning, designing, construction of excavations and foundations in soft to very soft clay soils are always difficult. They are problematic soil that caused trouble for the structures built on them because of the low shear strength, high water content, and high compressibility. This work investigates the geotechnical behavior of soft clay by using tyre ash material burnt in air. The investigation contains the following tests: physical tests, chemical tests, consolidation test, Compaction tests, shear test, California Bearing Ratio test CBR, and model tests. These tests were done on soil samples prepared from soft clay soil; tyre ash was used in four percentages (2, 4, 6, and 8%). The results of the tests were; The soil samples which gave the value of plasticity test were 2% (25), 4% (25.18), 6% (25.3), and 8% (26.7).The soil samples which gave the value of specific gravity were 2% (2.65), 4% (2.61), 6% (2.5), and 8% (2.36).The value of maximum dry density in a compaction test observed with 2% percentage gave the value 15.8 kN/m3, the 4% gave the value 15.4 kN/m 3 34 , 6% gave 15.3 kN/m 3 and 8%with 15.2 kN/m3 .Samples that gave the values of undrained shear strength test were 2% (55 kN/m 2 ), 4% (76 kN/m2 ), 6% (109 kN/m 2), and 8% (122 kN/m 2). The best of them is 8%. The sample that gave the best value for swelling test was 8%.The best value for compression index Cc was in 8%.The results of CBR test, were improved in all soil samples. The soil samples which gave the value for CBR were 2% (3.507%), 4% (4.308%), 6% (5.586%), and 8% (9.569%). The best value was obtained from 8%.