Voltage Profile Enhancing Using HVDC for 132KV Power System: Kurdistan Case Study


  • Truska Khalid Mohammed Salih Department of Automation Industrial Technology Erbil Technology College Erbil Polytechnic University Erbil, Iraq
  • Zozan Saadallah Hussain Technical Institute of Mosul Northern Technical, Mosul, Iraq
  • Firas Saaduldeen Ahmed Technical Institute of Mosul Northern Technical, Mosul, Iraq




Nowadays power systems are huge networks that consist of electrical energy sources, static and lumped load components, connected over long distances by A.C. transmission lines. Voltage improvement is an important aspect of the power system. If the issue is not dealt with properly, may lead to voltage collapse.  In this paper, HVDC links/bipolar connections were inserted in a power system in order to improve the voltage profile. The load flow was simulated by Electrical Transient Analyzer Program (ETAP.16) program in which Newton- Raphson method is used. The load flow simulation studies show a significant enhancement of the power system performance after applying HVDC links on Kurdistan power systems. The bus voltages are significantly increased after connecting High Voltage Direct Current.


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How to Cite

Mohammed Salih, T. K., Hussain , Z. S. . and Ahmed, F. S. (2022) “Voltage Profile Enhancing Using HVDC for 132KV Power System: Kurdistan Case Study”, Journal of Engineering, 28(1), pp. 52–64. doi: 10.31026/j.eng.2022.01.04.