Main Article Content

Jathwa A. Ibraheem


Scrap metal export is currently one of the few thriving industries in Iraq. Looters and legitimate operators are together effectively demolishing many of the old industrial facilities in order to retrieve the metal contained in buildings, processes and storage equipments and vehicles. The mixing of civilian and military scrapping operations such as that occurring at Ouireej is exacerbating the problem. The situation is particularly difficult for Iraq, given the rapid growth of the scrap industry and the lack of security. In view of the current difficulties, the focus was on practical short to medium term improvements such as controlling access to sites, land use zoning, licensing and export controls. The wholesale reform of the scrap metal industry to improve environmental practices, whilst desirable, is also probably not feasible in the short to medium term. The remediation of working scrap sites, such as Ouireej is also probably unfeasible at present. Laboratory analysis of shallowsoil detected contamination by PCBs, mineral oil and heavy metals, principally copper, lead, antimony and Zinc. The detected levels of all contaminants were relatively low. But PCB contamination was relatively widespread, being detected in eight soil samples with a maximum concentration of 23 μg/kg. Laboratory analysis of rainwater ponds on the site indicated marginal contamination by heavy metals and mineral oils

Article Details

How to Cite
“SITE ASSESSMENT GUIDANCE A CASE STUDY (OUIREEJ SCRAP YARD)” (2009) Journal of Engineering, 15(2), pp. 3840–3854. doi:10.31026/j.eng.2009.02.22.

How to Cite

“SITE ASSESSMENT GUIDANCE A CASE STUDY (OUIREEJ SCRAP YARD)” (2009) Journal of Engineering, 15(2), pp. 3840–3854. doi:10.31026/j.eng.2009.02.22.

Publication Dates


o Richard and P.E. Conway, (1982), "Environmental Risk Analysis for Chemicals", Van Nostrand Reinhold Company.

 American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTEM) 2004. Standard guide For Risk- Based Corrective Action [E-2081-00 Reapproved 2004].

 International Standards Organization 1999. ISO/IEC 17025: 1999 Standard: General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories. 1999.

 Iraqi Society for Environment Protection and Improvement (ISEPI), "The international Scientific Symposium on Post War Environmental Problems in Iraq", Baghdad, December 10-12, 1994

 National Environmental Protection Council (Australia) 1999. Assessment of site contamination. Schedule B (1) Guideline on the investigation Level for Soil and Ground water.

 http:// .php?pdfType=cs

 National Environmental Protection Council (Australia) 1999.Assessment of site contamination. Schedule B (7a) Guideline on health-Based Investigation Levels, 1999.

 http:// .php?pdfType=cs

 Netherlands Government Gazette 24th February 2000, No 39 English translation. Circular on target values and intervention values for soil remediation.

 http://

 Richard Watts, "Hazardous Wastes, Sources, Pathways and receptors" 1997

 UNEP (2005). Assessment of Environmental Hot Spots in Iraq - UNEP Technical Report. Geneva, Switzerland, United Nations Environment Programme:

 UNEP "Assessment of Environmental hot spots in Iraq" 2005.

 WHO Guidelines for Drinking Water Standards. 3rd Edition.

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.