Evaluation of Sabkha Soil Bearing Capacity by Plate Load Test in Al Muthanna Province

Main Article Content

Mohammad Fadhil Abbas
Haider M. Makkiyah


For projects such as airports and road paving, an appropriate foundation must be developed in Sabkha soil, which requires a trustworthy assessment of soil-bearing capacity. When heavy traffic is expected to result in substantial wheel loads throughout pavement construction and maintenance, the plate load test helps solve these issues with subgrade and sub-base layer design. This work aims to investigate and assess the geotechnical behavior regarding soil strata from one area in southern Iraq: Sabkha. Conversely, a comparison is made between subgrade response modulus and soil-bearing capacity determined by field plate load tests and traditional laboratory investigations. The data demonstrated that the values related to Ks in the consolidation test rose as a ratio of pre-consolidation pressure of 45% and dramatically dropped with an increase in applied stress that is vertically applied below pre-consolidation stress. Furthermore, PLT data demonstrated that when pressure was applied, the modulus of the subgrade reaction did not follow a regular pattern. At the beginning of the loaded stage, after the pre-consolidation stress, Ks values at testing points 2 and 3 were high. After that, Ks abruptly decreased, particularly when the applied pressure surpassed the pre-consolidation stress before being constant again. A detailed discussion is given on the effects of stress distribution and test conditions on the elasticity stress curve's shape and the subgrade reaction modulus.

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How to Cite
“Evaluation of Sabkha Soil Bearing Capacity by Plate Load Test in Al Muthanna Province” (2024) Journal of Engineering, 30(05), pp. 38–51. doi:10.31026/j.eng.2024.05.03.

How to Cite

“Evaluation of Sabkha Soil Bearing Capacity by Plate Load Test in Al Muthanna Province” (2024) Journal of Engineering, 30(05), pp. 38–51. doi:10.31026/j.eng.2024.05.03.

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