Design and Implementation of a Microstrip Six-Port Reflectometer (SPR) with Enhanced Bandwidth

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Nadine Adnan Shaaban
Ghassan Nihad Jawad


A compact microstrip six-port reflectometer (SPR) with extended bandwidth is proposed in this paper. The design is based on using 16-dB multi-section coupled line directional couplers and a multi-section 3-dB Wilkinson power divider operating from 1 to 6 GHz. The proposed SPR employs only two calibration standards: a matched load and an open load. As compared to other dielectric substrates, fabricating the proposed SPR involves using a low-cost (FR4) substrate. A novel algorithm is also proposed to estimate the complex reflection coefficient over the frequency ranges at which the standard performance of the circuit components is not fully satisfied. The new algorithm is based on the circles’ intersection points, which have been derived from basic SPR equations, to estimate the complex reflection coefficient. To validate the SPR performance, a multiband microstrip patch antenna has been measured and the resulted reflection coefficient is compared with those obtained using a vector network analyzer (VNA). Results show that the proposed SPR provides a good estimation of the complex reflection coefficient within the frequency range of 1 GHz to 8 GHz. Owing to its compact size and ease of fabrication, the proposed reflectometer is suitable for various microwave broadband applications.

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How to Cite
“Design and Implementation of a Microstrip Six-Port Reflectometer (SPR) with Enhanced Bandwidth” (2024) Journal of Engineering, 30(07), pp. 125–143. doi:10.31026/j.eng.2024.07.08.

How to Cite

“Design and Implementation of a Microstrip Six-Port Reflectometer (SPR) with Enhanced Bandwidth” (2024) Journal of Engineering, 30(07), pp. 125–143. doi:10.31026/j.eng.2024.07.08.

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