The Behavior of the Al-Kadhim Minaret during Earthquakes: A Virtual Study


  • Mohamed Saad Hadi College of Engineering - University of Baghdad
  • Haider M. Mekkiyah College of Engineering - University of Baghdad



Minaret, earthquakes, PLAXIS 3D


The study focuses on the causes of minaret tilting as well as possible solutions. The major aims of this study are to improve knowledge of historical tall structure stability and rehabilitation operations using the finite element approach to model the soil and minaret (PLAXIS 3D 2020), a platform for computational soil investigation and modeling. The numerical analysis aims to identify stresses, settlement, and deformation of the soil and minaret in various scenarios like Earthquakes, explosions, and winds. The simulation of the problem by the PLAXIS 3D revealed that the greatest lateral displacement computed at the Top Minaret is 5.5 cm, and the greatest vertical movement is calculated to be 3 cm. Seismic settlement is the effect of earthquake shaking, causing densification of soil with lower relative density.


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How to Cite

Hadi, M. S. . and Mekkiyah , H. M. . (2023) “The Behavior of the Al-Kadhim Minaret during Earthquakes: A Virtual Study”, Journal of Engineering, 29(1), pp. 1–13. doi: 10.31026/j.eng.2023.01.01.